Cross-Cultural Psychology: Critical Thinking and Contemporary Applications (6th ed.)

Eric B. Shiraev and David A. Levy 

Taylor & Francis



Written in a conversational style that transforms complex ideas into accessible ones, this international best-seller provides an interdisciplinary review of the theories and research in cross‐cultural psychology. The book’s unique critical thinking framework, including Critical Thinking boxes, helps to develop analytical skills. Exercises interspersed throughout promote active learning and encourage class discussion. Case in Point sections review controversial issues and opinions about behavior in different cultural contexts. Cross‐Cultural Sensitivity boxes underscore the importance of empathy in communication. Numerous applications better prepare students for working in various multicultural contexts such as teaching, counseling, health care, and social work. 


The dynamic author team brings a diverse set of experiences in writing this book. Eric Shiraev was raised in the former Soviet Union and David Levy is from Southern California. Sensation, perception, consciousness, intelligence, human development, emotion, motivation, social perception, interaction, psychological disorders, and applied topics are explored from cross‐cultural perspectives.


Currently in its 6th edition, it's become an international best-selling textbook and has been translated into four foreign languages. New to the 6th Edition:

  • Over 200 recent references, particularly on studies of non-western regions such as the Middle East, Africa, Asia, & Latin America as well as the US and Europe.

  • New chapter on personality and the self with an emphasis on gender identity.

  • New or revised chapter opening vignettes that draw upon current events.

  • More examples related to the experiences of international students in the US and indigenous people.

  • Many more figures and tables that appeal to visual learners.

  • New research on gender, race, religious beliefs, parenting styles, sexual orientation, ethnic identity and stereotypes, conflict resolution, immigration, intelligence, physical abuse, states of consciousness, DSM-5, cultural customs, evolutionary psychology, treatment of psychological disorders, and acculturation.

  • Revised methodology chapter with more attention to issues related specifically to cross-cultural research and more on qualitative and mixed methods.


Intended as a text for courses on cross-cultural psychology, multicultural psychology, cultural psychology, cultural diversity, and the psychology of ethnic groups and a resource for practitioners, researchers, and educators who work in multicultural environments.



"Shiraev and Levy provide a scholarly analysis of cross-cultural psychology that is informative, intriguing, and enjoyable to read. Their descriptions of contemporary applications convey critically important insights for addressing intergroup conflicts and disparities."

– Cheryl Koopman, Stanford University

"Given the increasingly multicultural nature of modern societies, this insightful and mature excursion into the dynamics of cross-cultural psychology could not come at a more propitious time. This is important reading and highly recommended."

– Jim Sidanius, Harvard University


"The sixth edition of this classic textbook is a must-read for those in the fields of psychology and related social and behavioral sciences. It is an engaging and informative resource for anyone interested in learning how the intricate web of cultural customs, values, and norms permeate our lives and shapes us into who we are."

– Denis Sukhodolsky, Yale University


"I had the privilege to use this text in teaching both undergraduate and graduate courses. This text aims to spark the students’ motivation to learn about cultural contextual variables affecting human behavior, cognitions, and emotions. It offers a critical thinking paradigm and specific exercises, which are priceless in this field and could be applied in other subfields of psychology."

– Sergei Tsytsarev, Hofstra University