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Cross-Cultural Psychology: Critical Thinking and Contemporary Applications (7th ed.)

Eric B. Shiraev and David A. Levy 

Taylor & Francis



Written in a conversational style that transforms complex ideas into accessible ones, this international best-selling textbook provides an interdisciplinary review of the theories and research in cross‐cultural psychology. The text’s unique critical thinking framework, including Critical Thinking boxes, helps students develop analytical skills. Exercises interspersed throughout promote active learning and encourage class discussion. Case in Point sections review controversial issues and opinions about behavior in different cultural contexts. Cross‐Cultural Sensitivity boxes underscore the importance of empathy in communication. Numerous applications prepare students for working in various multicultural contexts such as teaching, counseling, health care, and social work.


Currently in its 7th edition, it's become an international best-selling textbook and has been translated into four foreign languages. New to the 7th Edition:

  • over 190 recent references, particularly on studies of non-Western regions such as the Middle East, Africa, Asia, and Latin America, as well as the United States and Europe.

  • broader discussion of gender roles and health behaviors across cultures.

  • new discussions related to the psychological fallout of both globalization and anti-globalization tendencies.

  • greater attention shifted from general psychological theories to specific challenges of cross-cultural psychology.

  • new or revised chapter openings that draw upon current events.

  • more examples related to the experiences of international students in the United States and indigenous people.

  • updated figures, tables, and graphs that are also available for download for instructors to utilize in their online teaching.

  • new research on global trends, nationalism, gender, race, religious beliefs, parenting styles, sexual orientation, ethnic identity and stereotypes, immigration, intelligence, substance abuse, states of consciousness, DSM-5, cultural customs, evolutionary psychology, treatment of psychological disorders, and acculturation.

  • online resources for instructors and students


Intended as a text for courses on cross-cultural psychology, multicultural psychology, cultural psychology, cultural diversity, and the psychology of ethnic groups and a resource for practitioners, researchers, and educators who work in multicultural environments.



"Shiraev and Levy provide a scholarly analysis of cross-cultural psychology that is informative, intriguing, and enjoyable to read. Their descriptions of contemporary applications convey critically important insights for addressing intergroup conflicts and disparities."

– Cheryl Koopman, Stanford University

"Given the increasingly multicultural nature of modern societies, this insightful and mature excursion into the dynamics of cross-cultural psychology could not come at a more propitious time. This is important reading and highly recommended."

– Jim Sidanius, Harvard University


"The sixth edition of this classic textbook is a must-read for those in the fields of psychology and related social and behavioral sciences. It is an engaging and informative resource for anyone interested in learning how the intricate web of cultural customs, values, and norms permeate our lives and shapes us into who we are."

– Denis Sukhodolsky, Yale University


"I had the privilege to use this text in teaching both undergraduate and graduate courses. This text aims to spark the students’ motivation to learn about cultural contextual variables affecting human behavior, cognitions, and emotions. It offers a critical thinking paradigm and specific exercises, which are priceless in this field and could be applied in other subfields of psychology."

– Sergei Tsytsarev, Hofstra University

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